Different Types of Foot and Ankle Fractures

Our feet and ankles absorb a tremendous quantity of pressure and stress every day, which is why fractures of the feet and ankles are among the most common injuries treated by foot specialists.

 

Fractures are usually categorized as stress fractures or acute fractures

 

Stress fractures

Stress fractures occur from repeated trauma on the feet and ankles over time. Since a stress fracture can be difficult to diagnose, it is best to see your podiatrist for the proper evaluation and treatment. Symptoms can be similar to those of other types of foot injuries (like metatarsalgia) and include severe pain with the application of weight, swelling, bruising and redness. Stress fractures frequently occur in individuals who have not been exercising and then greatly increase the intensity of a workout. Always start an exercise program slowly, and work your way up to a higher intensity over several months.

 

Acute fractures

These are usually caused by an abrupt event in which the bone’s integrity is rapidly compromised. Acute fractures can occur in a variety of different ways, depending upon how much force is applied to the bone when the fracture occurs.

 

Some of the different types of acute fractures include:

 

  • Compound fracture—This is one of the most severe types of fracture and includes an open break with bone protruding from the skin.
  • Transverse fracture—a horizontal break.
  • Stable fracture—when the bones are just slightly out of place.
  • Comminuted fracture—This is a very severe fracture in which the bone has broken into several pieces.

 

See your foot doctor right away for foot and ankle fractures and treatment that can range from resting and icing for minor injuries to surgery, immobilization, and physical therapy for the more severe fractures. The foot specialists at ETL Podiatry in Briarwood and Melville, NY, have unparalleled experience in treating all aspects of foot and ankle problems. Our team of doctors is dedicated to serving you with all of the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies. If you have any questions or would like to make an appointment, please feel free to contact one of our offices located in Melville, NY (631-549-8637) and Briarwood, NY (929-336-4523).

The Woe of Stubbing Your Toe

Stubbing your toe usually hurts intensely at the moment of injury because your toes have limited fat deposits to take the impact. Also, since there are more nerve endings in your toes that send pain signals to the brain, even a minor injury can feel quite painful. When the initial shock of stubbing your toe wears off, you should always check your toe for any symptoms that may indicate a more serious problem such as a fracture.

 

Toe Woe symptoms to be on the watch for include:

 

  • A loud cracking sound when you stubbed your toe may be a sign that you have broken your toe. Surprisingly, this may not be a major cause for alarm, but you should see your foot doctor right away just in case.
  • Severe pain in the toe, especially when pressure is applied to the area.
  • Bleeding near, under and around the toenail.
  • Discoloration and swelling that persists for two or more days.

 

Complications from stubbing your toe often include:

 

Diabetic infection—Those with diabetes should be very careful with any toe injuries to make sure an unnoticed infection doesn’t occur and spread. If the injured toe has additional abnormalities like an ingrown nail or corn, infection is more likely to occur.

 

Arthritis—Injuring your big toe can contribute to an arthritic reaction or exacerbate symptoms of osteoarthritis and other types of arthritis.

 

The children’s condition Osteomyelitis—This condition often strikes children who stub their toes. This should always be taken very seriously, since even a minor fracture can cause inflammation of the bone, resulting in considerable damage. It’s important to see a foot doctor right away for any child with symptoms of a broken toe since delayed treatment can lead to major complications.

 

A broken toe may be treated by splinting or taping, and a stiff boot may be recommended to prevent further injury.

 

For complicated fractures, a surgical intervention may be required to reset the bone and remove any fragments that may have settled in the joint, so always get a professional evaluation from your foot doctor. The foot specialists at ETL Podiatry in Briarwood and Melville, NY, have unparalleled experience in treating all aspects of foot and ankle problems. Our team of doctors is dedicated to serving you with all of the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies. If you have any questions or would like to make an appointment, please feel free to contact one of our offices located in Melville, NY (631-549-8637) and Briarwood, NY (929-336-4523).

How Custom Orthotic Inserts Help Your Feet

For optimum foot health, you should always use the proper footwear, stretch before exercise, and perform regular foot inspections and cleanings. Additionally, the use of custom orthotic inserts and stabilization devices can provide excellent foot and ankle support and treat any abnormalities in foot structure that are often the cause of many foot and ankle problems.

 

Different types of orthotic devices

You can purchase a wide variety of insoles, pads, and cushions online or at the pharmacy or sports store, but they will not perfectly fit your feet the way custom-made inserts will. Other available devices include ankle and foot braces to improve stability.

 

What can custom orthotic inserts do for me?

A partial list of the benefits of custom orthotics includes:

 

  • Pressure and pain relief—The added cushioning and support provides comfort and relief from many foot and ankle conditions.
  • Foot structure support—The correct arch support is essential to overall foot function and custom orthotics follow the natural shape of your foot to help treat and prevent conditions like bunions and hammertoes.
  • Stabilization—Special braces can help with weak ankles and poor balance, which are two of the main causes of debilitating falls and fractures.
  • Lower risk of injuries and infections in patients with diabetes—By supporting feet that are weakened by complications from diabetes, custom orthotic inserts can help mitigate injuries and dangerous infections that can lead to amputation.
  • No need for surgery—Custom orthotics are a great way to treat a wide variety of foot problems without surgery.

 

It’s always best to have your foot care specialist examine the structure and movement of your feet with a computerized gait analysis to fabricate perfectly-fitted orthotics that will provide instant relief and help prevent any future problems. The foot specialists at ETL Podiatry in Briarwood and Melville, NY, have unparalleled experience in treating all aspects of foot and ankle problems. Our team of doctors is dedicated to serving you with all of the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies. If you have any questions or would like to make an appointment, please feel free to contact one of our offices located in Melville, NY (631-549-8637) and Briarwood, NY (929-336-4523).

3 tips for preventing foot pain

Our feet are the foundation to our bodies. They keep us standing and moving throughout the day. However, when they begin to ache, you will feel it from head to toe–literally. A lot of the foot problems we experience are related to flexibility. If your muscles are really right, they’re not working properly and will shorten, which can lead to pain. Here are three ways to stretch and strengthen your feet to keep the pain away.

The plantar fascia stretch. The plantar fascia is one of the most common areas you will experience foot pain. To stretch, try kneeling and sitting back on your heels with your back straight and your weight on the balls of your feet. Slowly lean backwards while keeping your core engaged, spine straight and body stable. Hold this pose for about 30 seconds and repeat it three times.

The Arch Cross Stretch. When the arch of your foot, or feet, becomes tight, you might experience numbness and pain. To stretch the arches of your feet, place a tennis ball just below your pinkie toe on the pad of your foot. Slowly roll the ball back and forth from your pinkie toe to your big toe. This move helps to mobilize the joints and increase range of motion in the toes, helping relieve tension in the arch. As you move slowly, complete this stretch for five minutes per foot.

The calf stretch. Your calf muscle can become tight from many types of common exercises, such as running, walking, or any workout that involves jumping. To stretch your calf muscle, stand on a step, curb, brick, or anywhere you can drop your heel, lean forward, and hold onto something for support. Place the ball of your foot on the step and then lower your heel while keeping your leg straight, and hold for 30 to 60 seconds. For even better results, alternate the stretch by pointing your toes inward first, and then repeat with your toes pointing outward. You can repeat this on both legs twice each.

Contact us today at ETL Podiatry in Queens or Melville to learn more about the different stretches you can do to improve the health of your feet and minimize pain.

Watch Out for Foot Cancer

Skin cancer is often associated with sun exposure, but it can still affect parts of your body that don’t normally get a lot of sun, particularly when it comes to your feet.  Always take the same measures you would with other exposed skin including applying sunscreen to your feet when you go barefoot or wear sandals. Some of the other causes of cancers on your feet can be from viruses and chemicals.

 

Cancer Can Affect Your Feet

Three of the cancers that can show up on your feet include the following:

 

Squamous cell cancer—This cancer often causes painless, itchy bumps that can look a lot likeplantar wartsor a fungal infection, so always have a consultation with your foot doctor to get an accurate diagnosis. This cancer doesn’t usually spread very quickly unless it has been growing for a while.

 

Melanoma—This is the most aggressive and deadly of skin cancers because it can grow inwards with little external signs and spread throughout the body in the blood vessels and lymph system. Since they can often be mistaken for warts, moles, blisters, or bruises, a professional evaluation by your podiatrist is essential.

 

Basal cell cancer—This type of cancer is rarely seen on the feet. It is less aggressive than melanoma and will not usually spread beyond the skin layers.

 

Early detection of skin cancers is essential for successful treatment. Always wear plenty of sunscreen on exposed skin, and try to avoid sun exposure during the hours of ten and four to limit UV exposure.

 

If you are concerned that you may have a cancerous lesion on your feet, see your podiatrist right away. The foot specialists at ETL Podiatryin Briarwood and Melville, NY, have unparalleled experience in treating all aspects of foot and ankle problems. Our team of doctorsis dedicated to serving you with all of the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies. If you have any questions or would like to make an appointment, please feel free to contact one of our offices located in Melville, NY(631-549-8637) and Briarwood, NY(929-336-4523).